By Andrew Russell
President of Sound Payments
Published in the Tennessee Bankers Association Newsletter in March 2019 and in the Community Bankers Association of Georgia’s newsletter in February
The era in which banking and other sectors of industry required the physical presence of users to be able to execute transactions has gradually changed. Today, the means offered by Fintech and innovators have interrupted the traditional way in which financial products and services are used.
Digital technologies are driving change in the financial services industry. Today’s demographics, sophisticated and global customers, are in search of banking services through omni-channel platforms. Today’s businesses are also in search of an omni-channel banking platform that constantly evolves and interconnects new capabilities such as facial recognition, online/mobile banking, payments, e-commerce, full service remote capabilities, applications development, bill pay, payroll, credit, etc. The number of connected devices on what is referred to as the Internet of Things (IoT) will explode to 50 billion by 2020. Mobile devices, the internet, cloud services, contactless checkout are seen as the way of the future for consumers and businesses.
Changing the Way Business is Done
The importance of streamlining processes in the financial industry has warranted the need for innovation in technology and how we communicate. Fintech seeks to fulfill this need by offering products and services that help the financial industry better meet the needs of its customers.
Affirmation of the shift from traditional banking to Fintech solutions is based on information reported in the EY Fintech Adoption Index 2017. This study, which considers 22,000 users in 20 developed and developing markets, reports that approximately 33 percent of the sample under study uses two Fintech services (EY Global, 2017).
The areas in which a higher demand of use was reported list banking payments and transfers (50 percent), followed by insurance (24 percent), savings and investment (10 percent), loans (10 percent) and financial planning (10 percent). The overwhelming amount of applications offered to a targeted client base provides evidence of the demand in the market.
But institutions also use technology to reduce the problem of asymmetry — very common in the insurance sector. For example, several insurers today implement telematics to auto insurance products with the objective of monitoring the behavior of users. This technology more accurately monitors the profile of users, reducing risk exposures and at the same time providing an incentive to users who make prudent financial decisions.
Fintech reports an accelerated and sustainable growth in the last four years due to an increase in demand and the advantage and the ease of use technology provides consumers and financial institutions alike.
On other hand, bank networks became conspicuously overgrown during the expansion years, and having a large branch distribution network was seen as a winning strategy. Today’s reality is that foot traffic is substantially down and more than half of the teller windows are unmanned, branch locations have skeleton crews, and the operating expense remain an immense expense burden for most financial institutions. The question becomes, how can banks reduce branch distribution network expenses without harming the brand and client acquisition rates?
First, the leadership needs to change the past and traditional banking format to a flexible and Agile model that includes reduced traditional branch banking, small satellite access, Kiosks, and Online/Mobile access that allows customers to conduct their banking when they want and how they want it without limitations and with ease of access. Second, the leadership needs to make the tough calls in eliminating the least profitable branches and offering alternate accessibility to the client base. Third create a corporate culture of continuous improvement that focuses on developing efficiencies, improving processes, reducing costs, and achieving growth.
Today’s evolving demographics show that customers are willing to switch – and even pay a premium – to move to a financial institution capable of offering high-value, digitally enabled services. Many financial institutions are not set up to offer the services that customers expect and that an innovative consumer banking platform offers. The disruption is happening with a large number of small to mid-size financial institutions, paying huge amounts of premium for online and banking platforms with very few features. New comers are offering inter-connected, easy-to-use, and cost-effective consumer and business banking online/mobile solutions.
Put simply – many small to medium size community and regional banks have been taken advantage of in regards to online and mobile banking. They are often pressured to sign restrictive contracts with terms more than five years. Customers feel limitations of those services that still require them to come to a physical branch location for cash or check transactions. Branch tellers in the industry provide the services, and yet the cost of maintaining the service level by tellers will continue to significantly get higher in the years to come. Financial institutions are beginning to realize the need for branch automation, which includes personal teller machines and self-service kiosks. Even though self-service kiosks have been around for quite some time, they are becoming adapted by more and more financial institutions recently. The kiosk looks and feels like an ATM, but the kiosk can perform a variety of additional services. Kiosk offers the ability for customers to cash checks, print official checks, transfer money, pay bills and withdrawal/deposit to accounts, to which an ATM could not be able to access. Large banks like JP Morgan Chase have expanded its kiosk offering to more than 100 locations since 2012. Many community banks would like to compete with larger banks as it relates to kiosks and technology, but it is often cost-prohibitive, or capabilities are limited.
Finding the best way to implement these kiosks in a cost-effective manner that actually provides all available options will require a great deal of due diligence and selection of the right technology partner. The new age of community bank clients is here and rapidly growing along with their expectations. For example, Sound Payments Banking Technology Solutions has designed a unique kiosk in regards to features, cost and size. It is equipped with remote teller capabilities and free online banking. Remarkable features like these make it possible to offer full banking services anywhere and anytime outside of traditional banking hours while competing with larger institutions, improving retention, and gaining market share.
Community and regional banks must position themselves for the future ahead with capabilities to better serve multi-generations of diverse cultures with different expectations on accessing banking services, languages, and lifestyles. The growth in population and prospective future members will come from Millennials and Gen Z, also known as iGeneration. Gen Z processes information faster that other generations thanks to apps like Snapchat, Vine, and others. The new generation of bank clients will have very high expectations on technology and ease of access. Keeping this in mind, branch automation and seamless access through mobile technologies must become a top priority for community and regional banks.
Community and regional banks that want to remain relevant, competitive, valuable for their clients and profitable must rethink the future. Redesigning processes and establishing cross-industry strategic partnerships that optimize customer-centric technologies is critical. Things to keep in mind when investing in technology or choosing a technology ecosystem partner:
- Enhancement of speed and reliability of operations
- Easy-to-use and value-add to the customer/end user
- Enhancing automation of processes
- Compliant with regulations and extremely secure
- Capable of providing multi-functional and inter-connected platforms
- Seamless integration, implementation and customizable
- Value add and cost-effective
- The cool factor
The bank of the future needs to deliver easy and sophisticated banking access through innovative technologies that provide sustainable competitive advantages. Competitiveness and growth will be achieved through total engagement in actions such as:
- Leveraging a trusted brand
- Building scale through active customers, networks, acquisitions and growth distributions
- Investing in disruptive innovations: Superior electronic solutions, easy and sophisticated banking access, offers and future developments based on customers’ needs, and delivering value and solutions without physical presence
- Pursuing selected business vertical opportunities and establishing partnerships
- Managing operating leverage
Sharp cost cuts are needed in today’s highly competitive, regulated, and overcrowded financial industry. Along with entrepreneurship and leadership, the right technology investments are required in order to remain relevant and competitive. The challenge is for leadership to make the best decisions that will capture meaningful savings with minimum damage to current revenues and maximum advantage for long-term performance. Only the banks with the proper corporate culture, appetite to innovate, growth strategies, and leadership team will experience success through the economic boom and downturn. The winners will seize efficiencies and capture opportunities!